The Army Command and General Staff College (CGSC)
was established in 1881 at Fort Leavenworth, Kansas, to provide
Army majors with a world-class military education. Since then,
the CGSC curriculum has evolved steadily and expanded to ensure
that unit commanders receive competent, prepared majors who
are trained in current, relevant warfighting doctrine and concepts,
including logistics support.
The most recent of those changes occurred when CGSC implemented
the Intermediate-Level Education (ILE) curriculum at the resident
school at Fort Leavenworth. At the same time, the Nonresident
Studies School, which is now known as the School of Advanced
distributive Learning (SAdL), began work to implement the ILE
curriculum in The Army School System (TASS) battalion and correspondence
course venues by the end of 2005. The Army’s Active and
Reserve components both benefited when, as part of this change,
the U.S. Army Reserve Command (USARC) and the 84th Army Reserve
Readiness Training Command (ARRTC) at Fort McCoy, Wisconsin,
agreed to provide Active/Guard Reserve (AGR) instructors to
teach full time on the logistics staff at CGSC.
The AGR instructor share concept began in 2003 when Lieutenant
General James R. Helmly, then the Chief of the Army Reserve,
visited CGSC to address the class of 2004. During that visit,
Lieutenant General William S. Wallace, then Commandant of CGSC,
and General Helmly initiated a collaborative effort to develop
a program that would help both the Active and Reserve components
reach a “common goal of making [the] officer education
system first class, and [enable the Army] to better execute
ILE for [the] entire officer corps, both Active and Reserve.” At
that time, Generals Helmly and Wallace determined that the
students and faculty at CGSC “would benefit from gaining
additional well-qualified instructors [who could] better enable
the school to handle the increased student load. In exchange,
the TASS battalions would receive experienced CGSC instructors
who could pass on their experiences captured at Fort Leavenworth
[to the Army Reserve].”
The actual program began in August 2005 when the 84th ARRTC
provided one instructor from its Leader Development Directorate
to serve on staff in the CGSC Department of Logistics and Resource
Operations (DLRO). The initial plan called for three AGR instructors,
but that requirement was scaled back because of force structure
issues resulting from Base Realignment and Closure 2005 decisions.
For the pilot program, the officer who would fill the DLRO
instructor position needed to have a proven logistics background
and meet as many of the following requirements as possible—
Be a CGSC graduate (preferably the resident course).
Possess Active-duty combat zone logistics experience, preferably with a 90A (Logistics) area of concentration (AOC).
Have a master’s degree.
Successfully complete a rotation at one of the Army’s combat training centers (CTCs).
Successfully complete a “branch qualification job” (such as an S3 or executive officer).
The candidate chosen was a school-trained
Army Medical Department logistics officer with a 70K
(Health Services Materiel) AOC who met all of the
criteria except for the 90A AOC.
How the Instructor Share Program Works
When he reports for duty, an AGR logistics instructor begins
an intensive tiered training program that qualifies him to
receive the instructor additional skill identifier (ASI)
5K. The program ensures that the individual possesses the
knowledge base and skills he needs to conduct adult education
as a member of a CGSC teaching team.
First, the instructor completes Phases I and II of the CGSC
Faculty Development Program to learn the basic construct
and applications of the adult learning model. After that
training is completed, the new instructor attends course-specific
DLRO logistics and force management training sessions and
shadows experienced DLRO instructors as they use the adult
learning model and apply various teaching techniques in the
Next, the instructor team-teaches classes with those same
DLRO instructors. Finally, he completes instructor certification
by solo-teaching a lesson to one of the CGSC student staff
groups. Once the AGR officer is certified, the Director of
DLRO assigns him to a teaching team.
In addition to the certification process, AGR logistics officers
participating in the instructor share program
have a variety of opportunities to enhance their teaching
skills and knowledge base. Like all DLRO instructors, they
can attend the 4-week Army Advanced Force Management Course
at Fort Belvoir, Virginia, and Phase III of the CGSC Faculty
Development Program (Lesson/Course Author Training).
DLRO also requires all of its instructors to “re-green” annually.
This program gives AGR instructors an opportunity to see
Army transformation in action by participating in Active
component unit training. For example, an instructor can “right-seat
ride” with an Active component unit at one of the Army’s
CTCs. Or, if he prefers, he can participate as a member of
a Battle Command Training Program (BCTP) team as it evaluates
a division’s warfighter exercise (WFX) or mission rehearsal
exercise in preparation for pending Operation Iraqi Freedom
and Operation Enduring Freedom rotations. For example, one
AGR logistics instructor gained valuable institutional logistics
knowledge by traveling to Fort Hood, Texas, with BCTP Team
B to evaluate the 1st Cavalry Division during its weeklong
The AGR instructor share program is a “win-win” situation
for both the Active and Reserve components for three reasons.
First, it improves the academic experiences of students in
the resident and SAdL courses by drawing from the knowledge
base of both components. Second, it allows the Army Reserve
to develop highly qualified subject-matter experts with a
functional knowledge of logistics and force management concepts
at the strategic, operational, and tactical levels. Third,
it provides the Reserve components with highly competent
logistics officers who are ready to assume command and staff
positions in logistics units as the Army institutes its new
Before the inception of the instructor share program, the
resident CGSC and SAdL courses had no real linkage. TASS
battalion instructors had to meet minimum certification requirements
in order to teach at CGSC, but SAdL instructors had no real
reachback capability to get answers to logistics curriculum
questions. As a result, some of the blocks of instruction
lacked the quality needed and expected of a world-class educational
The AGR instructor share program allows the selected AGR
officers to become fully trained and certified instructors
who possess up-to-date information on logistics and force
management issues, which underpins a reachback capability.
They can use these skills to work with TASS brigade commanders
on curriculum issues or mentor TASS battalion instructors
as they prepare to teach specific ILE courses.
The AGR instructor share program received an additional boost
when the 84th ARRTC provided two additional AGR officers
to Fort Leavenworth—one for the SAdL and the other
for the Battle Command Knowledge System (BCKS). The SAdL
officer serves as a critical liaison between CGSC and the
SAdL as the SAdL’s old legacy course transitions to
the new ILE course now taught at the TASS battalions and
on line. The BCKS officer is instrumental in collecting Army
Reserve-related issues for inclusion on the BCKS Web page
at https://bcks.army.mil. This site is designed to be a one-stop
source of answers to almost every type of question Soldiers
may ask in today’s Army. The site, which is available
to registered AKO users, features various professional forums;
a collection of regulations, maps, and training files; and
lessons learned from the Global War on Terrorism. The BCKS
Web site is especially helpful to SAdL students in CGSC courses.
AGR instructors, the SAdL liaison officer, and the BCKS liaison
officer are available to help address the unique curriculum
requirements and academic needs of resident CGSC and SAdL
students and faculty. They also are uniquely qualified to
provide institutional knowledge to unit leaders seeking current
logistics doctrine and information.
At the end of their teaching tours, AGR instructors are true
logistics and resource management subject-matter experts
who are ready for follow-on assignments as battalion commanders
or staff officers in Reserve logistics units. They can train
and mentor unit personnel on doctrine and tactics, techniques,
and procedures; or they can serve in TASS battalions, where
they can train Reserve component instructors to ensure that
SAdL curriculum standards are maintained. As General Helmly
said, “The experience gained by [AGR] instructors [will]
be invaluable to the TASS battalions, strengthen them professionally,
and forge a strong tie between TASS battalions and the parent
CGSC has come a long way since it was established. The 84th
ARRTC’s willingness to support the vision of Generals
Helmly and Wallace reflects confidence in the AGR instructor
share program. It has already paid great dividends to both
the Active and Reserve components, and it enables CGSC to
continue its tradition of providing a world-class education
to the military’s future leaders.
Major Paul Wakefield is assigned to the 84th Army Reserve
Readiness Training Center at Fort McCoy, Wisconsin, with
duty as an instructor for the Department of Logistics and
Resource Operations, Army Command and General Staff College.
He has a bachelor’s degree in Spanish from Weber State
University and a master’s degree in administration
and management from Lindenwood University.