U.S. Army Europe (USAREUR) continues to be on
the leading edge of technology development for logistics information
systems in the Army. USAREUR-developed or -introduced technology
includes the Joint Deployment Logistics Model/Logistics Common
Operating Picture and automatic identification technology.
These technologies were spiral-developed in the command and
are based on the changing needs of warfighters. (Spiral development
is a process that industry experts describe as “build
a little, test a little, build a little.” By using this
approach, new technologies can be incorporated into new weapon
platforms and systems, rather than delivering solutions using
only those technologies that existed when the systems were
USAREUR funded the development of the Joint Deployment Logistics Model (JDLM)
as a simulation exercise tool in 1998 for the 7th Army Training Command (since
renamed the Joint Multinational Training Command [JMTC]) and the 21st Theater
Support Command (TSC) in Germany. JDLM provided commanders and their staffs a
tool to use when conducting mission planning, rehearsals, and training associated
with power projection. Live data feeds were incorporated into JDLM in 2001, which
allowed logisticians to track operational deployments and redeployments in the
In 2003, during Operation Iraqi Freedom (OIF), JDLM was used to create the Logistics
Common Operating Picture (LCOP). The LCOP provides commanders near real-time
logistics asset management tools and decision support tools using a combination
of JDLM, the Integrated Logistics Analysis Program (ILAP), and in-transit visibility
JDLM/LCOP provides a modeling and simulation capability using real-world feeds
and allows automated repetitive tasks and queries to be saved as required.
V Corps and the 3d Corps Support Command (COSCOM) used JDLM in the predeployment
planning process for time-phased force and deployment data (TPFDD) analysis,
logistics modeling, and simulation exercises before deploying to OIF in 2003
and 2004. JDLM/LCOP provided a look at distribution management in combat operations
for the theater and corps by integrating strategic logistics information and
displaying the information graphically.
Using the spiral development process, USAREUR and Tapestry Solutions, Inc.,
a company specializing in military modeling and simulation training tools, continued
to improve the systems used in OIF. JDLM/LCOP was adopted by follow-on units
in OIF and grew into a large operating base embedded with field support engineers.
More than 150 JDLM/LCOP systems are currently in place in Southwest Asia.
In early 2004, JDLM/LCOP was formally adopted by the Product Manager (PM) for
Battle Command Sustainment Support System (BCS3) at Fort Belvoir, Virginia.
JDLM operations integrated the capabilities of the Combat Service Support Control
System (CSSCS) to become the Army BCS3.
in the 21st Theater Support Command receive training
on the Battle Command Sustainment Support System
BCS3 is part of the Army Battle Command Systems (ABCS) and provides combat
power analysis, future combat power analysis, ITV, logistics course-of-action
(COA) analysis, and information for commanders’ critical information
requirements reports. Together, these functions help commanders to make informed
decisions rapidly and effectively to support today’s fight and tomorrow’s
follow-on actions. BCS3 provides the logistics portion of combat power by displaying
the current status and future projections of fuel, ammunition, critical weapon
systems, and personnel.
BCS3 exchanges data among unclassified and classified systems, integrates actionable
data, interoperates with ABCS, and incorporates unit data from Force XXI Battle
Command, Brigade and Below (FBCB2). BCS3 provides the logistics portion of the
common operating picture.
The USAREUR Office of the Deputy Chief of Staff, G–4, pioneered the use
of automatic identification technology (AIT), such as radio frequency identification
(RFID) and satellite tracking systems, in the theater. RFID technology provides
logisticians ITV of sustainment, deployment and redeployment, and contingency
operations. The success of ITV technology in USAREUR paved the way for current
Department of Defense (DOD) RFID policies.
USAREUR continuously provides resources to improve the quality and dependability
of the various AIT systems, including the Defense Transportation Reporting
and Control System (DTRACS), Transportation Coordinators’ Automated Information
for Movement System (TC–AIMS), and Vistar satellite tracking system.
AIT transmissions to all service components and commercial vendors that support
are distributed from the AIT server in Schwetzingen, Germany.
Current BCS3 Operations in USAREUR
PM BCS3 provided an interim fielding to USAREUR to support planned V Corps
deployments to Iraq and Combined Joint Task Force 76 operations in Afghanistan.
fielding of BCS3 replaced the JDLM systems in theater and enabled support of
sustainment and contingency operations in the area of operations. USAREUR and
PM BCS3 successfully completed the fielding and new equipment training for
over 125 systems and operators throughout Europe’s Central Region.
BCS3 is being incorporated into the business practices of USAREUR and V Corps,
and it provided the logistics and transportation portion of the LCOP in two recent
predeployment exercises, Urgent Victory and Unified Endeavor. USAREUR continues
to provide funding to support ongoing development of JDLM simulations through
the JMTC in order to enhance BCS3 simulation capabilities. USAREUR also is providing
development funding for the Internet-based BCS3 TransLog Web application at the
BCS3 TransLog Web, released by Tapestry Solutions in March 2004, provides a
single point of entry for transportation movement requests and publishes a consolidated
movement program for distribution operations. It can run on either the NIPRNet
(Unclassified but Sensitive Internet Protocol Router Network) or the SIPRNet
(Secret Internet Protocol Router Network), depending on the security requirements.
TransLog Web works hand-in-hand with BCS3 to provide an end-to-end solution.
It has been formally adopted by the 1st COSCOM and the 377th TSC in OIF and is
used to manage more than 200 military and contracted convoys a day in combat
logistics operations. TransLog Web is currently undergoing testing and evaluation
at the 21st TSC. When formally accepted by USAREUR, it will be a key information
system for movement control and logistics operations throughout the Central Region.
The next steps in technology transformation call for USAREUR to —
• Develop policies and doctrine to integrate BCS3 and AIT into its day-to-day
• Gather requirements for future development.
• Prepare USAREUR for transformation and BCS3 6.4 ABCS fielding and training.
• Develop BCS3 sustainment training in a class-room environment at the
JMTC’s Combined Arms Training Center in Vilseck, Germany.
• Continue to work with the PMs for BCS3 and Joint Automatic Identification
Technology to develop logistics information technology and capabilities.
Logistics information systems must continuously transform to keep pace with
current warfighting requirements while providing a link to the Army’s
Future Force. USAREUR
is proud to lead the way.
Brian Swan is the Chief of the Command and Control and Mobility Support
Office of the Deputy Chief of Staff, G–4, U.S. Army Europe. He is a recent
graduate of the Army Management Staff College’s Sustaining Base Leadership