|SDDC BECOMES AMC COMMAND
WHILE REMAINING TRANSCOM COMPONENT
The Military Surface Deployment and Distribution
Command (SDDC) has become a major subordinate command of
the Army Materiel Command (AMC). It continues to be the Army
service component command to the U.S. Transportation Command
SDDC had been a major Army command, or “MACOM.” However,
under Decision Point 58 of the Army Command Plan, approved by the Secretary
of the Army in October 2006, the Army eliminated the “MACOM” designation
and replaced it with “Army command.” AMC, the Army Forces
Command, and the Army Training and Doctrine Command are the only organizations
designated as Army commands.
The change in the status of SDDC means that SDDC is under the administrative
control of AMC but the operational control of TRANSCOM. SDDC will continue
to provide end-to-end surface deployment and distribution support to
TRANSCOM. According to the SDDC Chief of Staff, Colonel Timothy McNulty, “It’s
important to note our [SDDC’s] service to the warfighters will
not change under this change in command relationship. The change .
. . will be transparent to the folks we support daily and to our workforce
The new arrangement will create a single Army integrator of logistics
with joint and strategic partners, improve coordination of the distribution
pipeline from the national sustainment base to deployed theater support
units, improve projection of forces from the United States, and improve
reset of forces after they return to their home stations.
BUDGET CALLS FOR SIGNIFICANT INCREASE
The Army budget submitted to Congress in February requests $130.019
billion for fiscal year (FY) 2008. This is an increase of $19.928 billion,
or 18.1 percent, over the request of $110.091 billion for FY 2007.
The budget submission also seeks $140.666 billion for FY 2009. The
Army budget constitutes 27 percent of the $481.4 billion requested
for the Department of Defense.
The budget proposal is designed to support the goals of winning the
Long War, sustaining the all-volunteer force, building readiness, accelerating
modernization, and restationing of Army forces.
The budget calls for spending in the following major categories—
Military personnel: $46.193
billion in FY 2008 (an increase of 7.2 percent from the
FY 2007 request) and $51.289 billion in FY 2009.
Operation and maintenance:
$37.273 billion in FY 2008 (up 19 cent from FY 2007) and
$39.952 billion in FY 2009.
Procurement: $23.753 billion
in FY 2008 (up 54.3 cent) and 26.193 billion in FY 2009.
Research, development, test,
and evaluation: $10.590 billion in FY 2008 (down 3.4 percent
from FY 2006) and $9.794 billion in FY 2009.
Military construction: $4.563
billion in FY 2008 (up 69 percent) and $5.704 billion in
Family housing: $1.162 billion
in FY 2008 (down 8.6 percent) and $1.481 billion in FY
The procurement request will support the acquisition
in FY 2008 of—
3,268 high-mobility, multipurpose
wheeled vehicles (HMMWVs) for $596.6 million. All will
be the armored M1151A1, M1152A1, and M1165A1 variants.
2,862 Family of Medium Tactical
Vehicles trucks and 1,563 trailers for $828.4 million.
125 palletized load system
(PLS) trucks; 1,412 PLS trailers; 1,650 container roll-on-roll-off
platforms; 190 container handling units; and 2,524 Movement
Tracking Systems, for $232.5 million.
284 forward repair systems
for $93.4 million. The forward repair system combines tools,
diagnostic equipment, and heavy-lift capability in one
package that brigade support battalions, field support
companies, and maintenance field companies can use to provide
forward maintenance support. Expanded use of the forward
repair system will free units from having to use the M88
recovery vehicle as a repair vehicle.
47 containerized kitchens
for 11.5 million and 77 assault kitchens for $5.9 million.
The containerized kitchen is replacing the mobile kitchen
trailer, and the assault kitchen is replacing the kitchen,
company level, field feeding enhanced.
22 mobile integrated remains
collection systems for $9.9 million. This will be the first
acquisition of the mobile integrated remains collection
system, which is a mobile facility that will be used for
the initial processing and storage of remains on the battlefield.
126 water purification systems
for $42 million. These include 50 of the new lightweight
water purification systems, which are designed for use
during early-entry and similar forward-area operations.
504 mobile maintenance equipment
systems for 51.5 million. These systems, which include
the shop equipment contact maintenance truck, standard
automotive tool set, and shop equipment welding, improve
on-site battlefield maintenance.
1 joint high speed vessel
for $210 million. The Army plans to acquire five joint
high speed vessels by FY 2012 to support logistics over-the-shore,
in-theater port control, and riverine logistics operations.
The budget requests no funds for further development
and production of the Land Warrior system. However, the Army
will continue to support the one Stryker battalion that has
been equipped with Land Warrior.
The budget asks for $4.016 billion to execute 89 military construction
projects designed to meet base realignment and closure requirements.
Among these projects are construction of the Sustainment Center of
Excellence and the Joint Center for Consolidated Transportation Management
Training at Fort Lee, Virginia; construction of a new headquarters
building for the Army Materiel Command at Redstone Arsenal, Alabama;
movement of the Army Surface Deployment and Distribution Command from
Alexandria, Virginia, to Scott Air Force Base, Illinois; and closure
of Kansas Army Ammunition Plant and Lone Star Army Ammunition Plant,
DOD BUILDS ON AKO TO
Army Knowledge Online (AKO) is undergoing a transformation to support
all Department of Defense (DOD) users. The result will be an adaptive
and agile enterprise portal, called Defense Knowledge Online (DKO),
that will facilitate knowledge management, collaboration, and information-sharing
across DOD and other Government agencies. DKO initially will be built
on the AKO unclassified portal. AKO is the largest and most mature
of all DOD portals and currently supports nearly 2 million users.
The existing AKO Project Office serves as the foundation for the DKO
Project Office. The DKO team is staffed with representatives from participating
combatant commands, the military services, and Defense agencies. The
team’s initial objectives are to facilitate the addition of joint
access to the current AKO; migrate a limited number of joint users
(150,000) and joint content; and support the expansion of AKO to DKO
through pilot projects with the Joint Forces Command and the Defense
Information Systems Agency (DISA).
When mature, DKO will consist of a personalized, user-defined, Web-based
presentation that allows for secure access to enterprise services,
applications, and content. It will provide warfighters, policymakers,
and support personnel with portal capabilities as well as a platform
for launching DISA’s Net-Centric Enterprise Services and other
DOD enterprise services. As its initial services, DKO will offer universal
directory services, such as white pages with contact information for
all account holders; limited single sign-on capability; group-based
access control and contacts; and Common Access Card and public key
The first group of pre-authorized DOD users was able to register for
an AKO/DKO account in January. DKO should be ready to accept all joint
users by fiscal year 2010.
of the 1st Stryker Brigade, 25th Infantry Division,
at Fort Wainwright, Alaska, perform maintenance
on Stryker vehicle components following their redeployment
from Iraq. The brigade is the first unit to use
the Army’s new reset process. In the past,
refurbishing equipment meant sending it to a depot
for approximately 6 months. Under the new process,
the majority of work is performed at home station.
The goal is to reduce the time needed for reset
to 4 months. The brigade, formerly the 172d Stryker
Brigade, was redesignated in December 2006.
NATO COURSE SLATED
The Standardization Within NATO [North Atlantic Treaty Organization]
Course will be presented 10 to 12 July 2007 in Chantilly, Virginia.
This is the first version of this course to be offered in the United
States. An abridged version of pre-existing NATO standardization training,
this course is tailored to meet the educational needs of a U.S. audience.
Instruction will cover the structure and principles of the NATO standardization,
standardization agreements, use of civil standards, and U.S. participation
in the standardization process.
The course is geared for military and Department of Defense (DOD) civilian
personnel who need a fundamental knowledge of standardization and interoperability
within NATO. Non-DOD Federal Government employees and defense contractors
are eligible for this course on a space available basis.
The course is being hosted by the Office of the Under Secretary of
Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics, International Cooperation
Office; the Defense Logistics Agency’s Defense Standardization
Program Office; and the North Atlantic Treaty Organization Standardization
Agency. There is no charge for this course; however, the attendee’s
organization is responsible for travel expenses. Anyone interested
in attending this course should contact Latasha Beckman at (703) 767–6872
ARMY PLANS ELECTRONICS
In order to strengthen its ability to use electronic warfare in the
fight against terrorism, the Army plans to establish an electronic
warfare military operational specialty (MOS) and a parallel officer
career field by March 2008. Electronic warfare is military action that
uses electromagnetic and directed energy to control the electromagnetic
spectrum or to attack the enemy.
The Army established an Electronic Warfare Division as part of the
Army Asymmetric Warfare Office in April 2006. The Electronic Warfare
Division began a joint training program on electronic warfare in October,
with classes being taught at Fort Huachuca, Arizona, and Fort Sill,
Oklahoma. The Tactical Course at Fort Huachuca is a 3-week class for
Soldiers at the battalion level and below. The Operational Course at
Fort Sill is a 6-week course for Soldiers operating at the brigade
level and above.
Until the Army established the Electronic Warfare Division and began
the training, the Navy was the only service with an ongoing electronic
warfare program. Because of this, the Navy developed the courses for
the Army. While this training is being conducted, Navy electronic warfare
personnel have been assisting the ground forces in conducting electronic
warfare. The Army plans to replace about 150 of the Navy personnel
with newly trained Army personnel. The more experienced Navy personnel
will continue to provide support at the division and corps levels.
Since the electronic warfare training is not MOS-specific, unit commanders
preparing to deploy for Iraq or Afghanistan will select Soldiers in
the grades of E–6 and above to attend one of the courses. The
Soldiers may come from combat arms, combat support, or combat service
support units. Soldiers have to be trained to use electronic warfare
more precisely than they had to on the linear battlefield because,
in an asymmetric war zone, broader use of electronic measures has the
potential of knocking out the Army’s own systems.
The Army’s goal is to make electronic warfare a core capability
in which all Soldiers have some training.
that can protect soft-walled shelters against damage
from indirect fire has been developed by the Natick
Soldier Center in Massachusetts and the Advanced
Engineered Wood Composites Center at the University
of Maine. The Modular Ballistic Protection System
(MBPS) is a set of armored panels that can be placed
inside a shelter’s skin. Each panel is wood
with an outer layer of E-glass, which is a ballistic
armor material. MBPS is lightweight, portable,
and reusable and can be installed without special
tools and without modifying the shelter (as shown
at above). Natick will deploy a prototype MBPS
to a combat zone for testing.
ONLINE TOOL HELPS UNITS
SELECT WATER PURIFICATION SYSTEMS
The Army Center for Health Promotion and Preventive Medicine has developed
an online decision tool to help units determine which water purification
systems will best meet their needs. The online tool can give units
the information needed to select the best water purification system
for their exact circumstances. This tool helps units evaluate what
might work best for them and identifies systems that do not work at
Clean water is critical to military operations. It is used for everything
from drinking to hygiene and field sanitation to food preparation to
medical care. The typical deployed Soldier uses 15 to 20 gallons of
water a day. Although the Army has water purification systems that
are dedicated to ensuring that Soldiers have the water they need, Soldiers
sometimes find themselves in situations that prevent them from getting
to that water. At those times, Soldiers need a means to purify whatever
water is available. Many portable water purification systems are available
for purchase, but deciding which one to use is not easy. Some are more
effective than others, and some are more effective in specific circumstances.
This tool is the result of an 18-month scientific study of 68 commercial
off-the-shelf water purification systems conducted by the Army Center
for Health Promotion and Preventive Medicine. During the evaluation,
it became apparent that no one system will meet every military requirement.
The personal water purifier that works best depends on a range of considerations,
such as whether the unit is operating at a sanitary base camp or is
on the move. Other factors that play into the decision include the
size and weight of the system, how easy it is to use, its cost, and
its effectiveness. A unit can use the decision tool to determine which
system would work best for it, based on its particular situation and
The tool can be accessed on the Internet at