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Sustainment Symposium Highlights Changes to Army Supply Strategies and Priorities

The Association of the United States Army, Institute of Land Warfare, held its Army Sustainment Symposium and Exposition from 22 to 24 June at the Greater Richmond Convention Center in Richmond, Virginia. This year’s event came in the midst of the drawdown of troops and equipment in Iraq and the buildup of resources in Afghanistan. Sustainment leaders high-lighted the impact these changes are having on Army sustainment.

Lieutenant General Mitchell H. Stevenson, Deputy Chief of Staff, G–4, Department of the Army, noted areas where the sustainment community is struggling—specifically property accountability and asset visibility. General Stevenson said that because the Army has been so busy, key accountability concepts have been shoved aside.

Asset visibility is another issue, especially with new equipment. General Stevenson noted that, in Afghanistan, 1,700 mine-resistant ambush-protected all-terrain vehicles have been issued, but only 1,020 have been recorded in the Standard Army Maintenance System (SAMS). The G–4 is hoping that upcoming changes to the Global Combat Support System-Army will improve management by transferring property book data directly into SAMS.

The G–4 also noted that the Army is working on modifying Logistics Civil Augmentation Program (LOGCAP) policy. LOGCAP has cost the Army approximately $37 billion since 2001. “In the course of those last 9 years, we have learned a lot of lessons,” said the G–4. “That ought to translate itself into our policy.”

General Ann E. Dunwoody, commanding general of the Army Materiel Command (AMC), said that General Raymond T. Ordieno, commander of U.S. Forces-Iraq, was complimentary of the “Log Nation” and “its incredible mission of drawing down” an Army that has been in Iraq for nearly 8 years. General Dunwoody noted that the work of logisticians has “enabled and allowed him [General Ordieno] to meet the Presidential mandate” to drawdown to 50,000 troops by September 2010.

“It is a busy time for our Army,” said General Dunwoody. “[These] next couple of years [are] going to be equally, if not more, challenging.” Part of the challenge is the buildup in Afghanistan, which received 40 percent of its surge equipment out of Iraq. “That is pretty incredible if you think back to Desert Storm/Desert Shield, with the iron mountains where we did not know where everything was,” said General Dunwoody. “Now we have asset visibility to see the stuff that is in Iraq, move it to Afghanistan, which means we are not going to ship it again, we are not going to buy it again, and we have been able to support the surge.”

General Dunwoody praised the resilience of the sustainment force for also serving in humanitarian assistance missions during this time. “We were able to set up contracting and LOGCAP within 72 hours of arrival,” she noted of Operation Unified Response in Haiti. “The entire ‘Log Nation’ strategic partners helped sort out and provide relief and then started redeploying.” Dunwoody said that though the mission in Haiti is wrapping up, contracting support assets are still helping in Chile, which suffered a massive earthquake in February.

“On top of everything else that is going on, our Army is in motion through BRAC [base closure and realignment],” said Dunwoody. All four major headquarters—Army Forces Command, Army Training and Doctrine Command, AMC, and Army Installation Management Command—will be moving in fiscal year 2011.

Along with the organizational changes of BRAC, General Dunwoody is planning life-cycle management improvement. “We have multiple owners, and that creates seams in this whole life-cycle management piece,” said General Dunwoody. “It creates a lack of accountability and responsibility, and that is what we are trying to get our arms around.”

General Dunwoody said that while the Army has gotten good at buying and delivering equipment, 75 percent of life-cycle costs reside in the sustainment, maintenance, and eventual disposal of equipment. “We are paying storage costs, we are paying maintenance costs, and we have got to get after the tail end of the life-cycle . . . . With the help of the Department [of Defense], we’re identifying equipment as excess defense articles, which makes it available for Foreign Military Sales.”

General Dunwoody laid out three changes that will improve AMC’s service to future operations. First, AMC will attempt to manage materiel sources of repair by taking operational control of directorates of logistics (DOLs) to manage their workloads. According to Lieutenant General James H. Pillsbury, deputy commanding general and chief of staff of AMC, the 77 DOLs in the Army had 83 contracts with more than 40 different contractors. “No bad actors, but you can see the inefficiencies in that,” said General Pillsbury. “I think that you will see some great efficiencies come down this path in the years to come.”

Second, AMC plans to optimize the way it manages materiel by acting as the central manager for all Army materiel. A pilot, beginning in July 2010, is testing the concept of using the Army Sustainment Command as the central manager of all stakeholders’ materiel in support of the Army Force Generation (ARFORGEN) cycle.

Third, AMC wants to manage the piles of equipment—theater-provided equipment, theater sustainment stocks, prepare-to-deploy training piles, and left-behind equipment—that have accumulated over time. General Dunwoody noted that many of these piles did not exist before 11 September 2001. Now it needs to be decided who will manage this equipment in support of ARFORGEN.

17th Fires Brigade Draws Down Equipment

As U.S. forces redeploy in accordance with the security of forces agreement with the Iraqi government, the 17th Fires Brigade, based out of Joint Base Lewis-McChord, Washington, is drawing down equipment that will not be needed by the units replacing it.

The brigade deployed in support of Operation Iraqi Freedom in July 2009 and has maintained a large footprint in Basra province with the help of military transition teams and other smaller units attached to the brigade. These units have relied on the 17th Fires Brigade to support them logistically as they have conducted operations around Basra. The brigade also is responsibe for tracking the excess equipment, including vehicles, computers, and radios, the units have as they draw closer to the September deadline.

Since brigades designated to advise and assist the Iraqi Security Forces will have significantly less personnel than the units they replace, the drawdown to 50,000 U.S. troops in the Iraq by 1 September ultimately requires equipment to be turned in for maintenance and reallocation.

Over the past 7 years, U.S. forces have established bases in support of Operation Iraqi Freedom. These bases are home to billions of dollars’ worth of equipment that now needs to be returned to the United States or reallocated to other theaters.

While general equipment is pulled out of bases handed over to the Iraqi Army, basic life support equipment, such as showers, tents, and furniture, will remain to support their security mission.

Pentagon Exhibit Shows Sustainers at Work

In April, the Office of the Deputy Chief of Staff, G–4, Department of the Army, unveiled “Army Logistics Around the World” at the Pentagon. The display honors Army logisticians working worldwide by showcasing video clips and photos of current sustainment operations over six large video monitors. The display can be found on the 1st floor, in the 4th corridor of the A ring.

The Deputy Chief of Staff, G–4, Lieutenant General Mitchell H. Stevenson, is encouraging units to submit videos and photos of Soldiers performing sustainment missions to the G–4 staff for the display.

Photos should be submitted in a standard file format, such as .jpg. They should be larger than 720 by 480 pixels and at least 72 dots per inch. The photos must not be edited or altered, and no captions or text should be embedded with the photos. However, submitters should include a description of the action in the photo in the file’s metadata or in a separate Microsoft Word document. This caption should include the photo’s “who, what, when, and where.”

Acceptable video files include high resolution files in a .wmv, .mov, or .mpeg format. If the video has no narration, it should include a descriptive caption like the one described for photos. The caption submissions guidelines for videos are also the same as guidelines for photos—they should be in the metafile or in a separate Microsoft Word document. All photos, videos and captions need to be approved for public release by the security office of the submitter’s unit or organization.

Further guidelines and an update schedule for the display can be received by sending an email to devon.hylander@us.army.mil.

Chief of Staff Honors Logistics Professionals

The Chief of Staff of the Army presented the 2010 Combined Logistics Excellence Awards, honoring 82 Army units for their accomplishments in supply, maintenance, and deployment logistics, at a ceremony on 24 June in Richmond, Virginia.

The Deployment Excellence Award winners are—

Operational Deployment
Small Category. 66th Engineer Company, 2d Stryker Brigade Combat Team, 25th Infantry Division, Schofield Barracks, Hawaii.
Large Category. 72d Infantry Brigade Combat Team, TXARNG, Spring, Texas.

All Army Installation
Fort Hood, Texas.

Active Army
Small Category. Headquarters and Headquarters Company, 391st Combat Sustainment Support Battalion, Bamberg, Germany.
Large Category. 72d Expeditionary Signal Battalion, Mannheim, Germany.
Supporting Category. 39th Transportation Battalion (Movement Control), Kaiserslautern, Germany.

Army National Guard
Small Category. B Company, 3d Battalion, 20th Special Forces Group (Airborne), Roanoke Rapids, North Carolina.
Large Category. 1st Battalion, 125th Infantry Regiment, Flint, Michigan.
Supporting Category. Fort Sill Mobilization and Deployment Brigade, Fort Sill, Oklahoma.

Army Reserve
Small Category. Detachment 2, 304th Sustainment Brigade, Riverside, California.
Large Category. 1184th Deployment and Distribution Support Battalion, Mobile, Alabama.
Supporting Category. Fort Sill Mobilization and Deployment Brigade, Fort Sill, Oklahoma.

The Maintenance Excellence Award winners are—

Active Army
Small Category. Modification Table of Organization and Equipment (MTOE). B Company, 307th Brigade Support Battalion, Al Asad Air Base, Iraq.
Small Category Table of Distribution and Allowances (TDA). Busan Storage Center, U.S. Army Materiel Support Center-Korea, Busan, Korea.
Medium Category MTOE. 528th Quartermaster Company, Joint Base Lewis-McChord, Washington.
Medium Category TDA. Headquarters and Headquarters Company, 206th Military Intelligence Battalion, Fort Gordon, Georgia.
Large Category MTOE. B Company, 615th Aviation Support Battalion, Fort Hood, Texas.
Large Category TDA. U.S. Army Materiel Support Center-Korea, Camp Carroll, Korea.

Army National Guard
Small Category MTOE. B Company, 634th Base Support Battalion, Champaign, Illinois.
Small Category TDA. Field Maintenance Shop 6, Evansville, Indiana.
Medium Category MTOE. 3622d Maintenance Component Repair Company, Fort Indiantown Gap, Pennsylvania.
Medium Category TDA. Maneuver Area Training Equipment Site-New York, Fort Drum, New York.

Army Reserve
Small Category MTOE. Forward Support Company, 321st Engineer Battalion, Boise, Idaho.
Small Category TDA. Area Maintenance Support Activity 57 (Ground), New Century, Kansas.
Medium Category MTOE. 238th Maintenance Company, San Antonio, Texas.

Letterkenny Army Depot, Chambersburg, Pennsylvania.

Army Installation Management Command
Small Category. U.S. Army Garrison-Benelux, Chievres, Belgium.
Medium Category. Installation Materiel Maintenance Activity, Fort McCoy, Wisconsin.
Large Category. Materiel Maintenance Division, Directorate of Logistics, Fort Bragg, North Carolina.

The Supply Excellence Award winners are—

Active Army
Unit Level MTOE. Headquarters, A Detachment, 176th Finance Management Company, Yongsan, Korea.
Unit Level TDA. 7th Army Noncommissioned Officer Academy, Grafenwoehr, Germany.
Property Book Level MTOE. 69th Air Defense Artillery Brigade, Fort Hood, Texas.
Property Book Level TDA. Womack Army Medical Center, Fort Bragg, North Carolina.
Parent Level MTOE. 30th Signal Battalion, Wheeler Army Airfield, Hawaii.
Parent Level TDA. 7th Army Joint Multinational Training Center, Hohenfels, Germany.
Supply Support Activity MTOE. 5th Battalion, 7th Air Defense Artillery Regiment , Kaiserslautern, Germany.
Supply Support Activity TDA. 498th Combat Sustainment Support Battalion, Supply Point 60, Camp Carroll, Korea.

Army National Guard
Unit Level MTOE. B Battery, 1st Battalion, 148th Field Artillery Regiment, Rexburg, Idaho.
Unit Level TDA. Headquarters, 209th Regional Training Institute, Ashland, Nebraska.
Property Book Level MTOE. 347th Regional Support Group, Roseville, Minnesota.
Property Book Level TDA. 771st Troop Command, Charleston, West Virginia.
Parent Level MTOE. Headquarters, 1st Battalion, 201st Field Artillery Regiment, Fairmont, West Virginia.
Parent Level TDA. Joint Forces Headquarters, Madison, Wisconsin.
Supply Support Activity TDA. U.S. Property and Fiscal Office, Indianapolis, Indiana.

Army Reserve
Unit Level TDA. Headquarters, 108th Training Command, Charlotte, North Carolina.
Property Book Level TDA. Southeast Medical Area Readiness Support Group, Nashville, Tennessee.
Supply Support Activity MTOE. Headquarters, Regional Support Command, Standard Army Retail Supply System-1 Site, Fort McCoy, Wisconsin.


Training Circular (TC) 4–11.46, Convoy Protection Platform Gunnery, was published in April 2010 and provides the first Army-wide standardized table for gunnery training in sustainment units. The circular was developed in response to the recognition that today’s sustainment units are likely to defend themselves, their convoys, and their sustainment bases by engaging opposing forces with direct fire.

TC 4–11.46 provides the guidance for commanders of sustainment units on training and deploying convoy protection platforms and convoy escort teams. It also provides guidance to sustainment elements attached, assigned, or under the operational control of theater sustainment commands, expeditionary sustainment commands, and sustainment brigades. This TC is also applicable to base support battalions and forward support companies organic to fires, combat aviation, maneuver enhancement, and battlefield surveillance support brigades for the purposes of training senior gunners, vehicle gun crews, and vehicle crew evaluators on the employment of crew-served weapons in operations. The tasks outlined in the manual should be used to evaluate the proficiency of vehicle gun crews.

The supporting training ammunition strategy for TC 4–11.46 has been approved by the Army munitions requirements council of colonels and will available in the upcoming version of Department of the Army Pamphlet 350–38, Standards in Training Commission.

Field Manual (FM) 3–35, Army Deployment and Redeployment, published in April 2010, combines doctrine previously published in 5 different FMs to align Army deployment doctrine with joint deployment doctrine. The new FM is the Army’s new doctrine for planning, organizing, executing, and supporting deployment and redeployment. Included in the doctrine are sections on force protection and the deployment process, activities units engage in prior to alert of deployment, and procedures for the movement of units and reception, staging, onward movement, and integration.

New appendices have been added covering installation support, unit movement plans, the duties of the mobility officer and the unit movement officer, and the influence of senior leaders on deployment. Additional appendices address special cargo (such as hazardous material, ammunition, and classified and sensitive shipments), automatic identification technology, and automated mobility systems.


Army Operations Research Symposium

The Center for Army Analysis will host the Army Operations Research Symposium 2010 from 13 to 14 October at the Army Logistics University at Fort Lee, Virginia. This year’s theme is “Full Spectrum Operations in a Complex Environment.” Anyone interested in attending must preregister before 24 September. For more information or to preregister, go to the website, www.alu.army.mil/AORS/aorshome.htm.

Military Logistics Summit 2010
The Institute for Defense and Government Advancement (IDGA) will hold Military Logistics Summit 2010 from 13 to 16 September in Vienna, Virginia. The summit will bring together leaders and decisionmakers from the logistics community to discuss the latest initiatives and implementation strategies that ensure future military flexibility and preparedness. The summit will feature information on supporting major deployment, redeployment, and distribution operations based on updated Department of Defense mission priorities. For more information or to register, visit the following website: www.MilitaryLogisticsSummit.com.

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